This 2016 publication reviews Medicaid policies to encourage or require non-opioid treatments for acute or chronic non-cancer pain. This report from the National Academy for State Health Policy describes Medicaid authorities used to cover alternative treatments and describes strategies adopted in four states: Florida, Oregon, Rhode Island and Vermont.
Funding Sources: Health Service Resources Administration and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Chronic Pain Management Therapies in Medicaid: Policy Considerations for Non-Pharmacological Alternatives to Opioids
A 2016 review of Medicaid coverage policies for non-pharmacological treatment of chronic pain