Policymakers & Community Leaders

Evidence-Based Strategies for Preventing Opioid Overdose: What’s Working in the United States

Evidence Ranking: Proven

This 2018 report from the Centers for Disease Control describes evidence-based strategies to prevent opioid overdose based on a review of the published evidence and consultation with subject matter experts. The report describes 10 strategies that could be implemented by public health officials, law enforcement, local organizations or other community leaders.

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COVID-19

UPDATED November 15, 2020:  The COVID-19 public health emergency is particularly challenging for people in treatment for substance use disorder, people in recovery, and people who use drugs. This collection features educational resources that can be adapted for local settings, specific guidance on harm reduction, recovery housing and providing peer support services during the pandemic, and links to websites that provide high-quality information, data, and/or examples for local communities to adopt.

Featured Collection

Arizona Rethink Rx Abuse Public Health Campaign

The Arizona Governor’s Office of Youth, Faith and Family created a toolkit for communities to launch a public health information campaign to reduce prescription drug abuse. The toolkit includes targeted educational materials and information about implementing harm reduction and safe medication disposal programs as well as information for patients, caregivers, and parents to help them better understand the risks of prescription medications and how to reduce those risks.

Featured Collection
Payers & Providers
Patients & Caregivers

Principles of Harm Reduction

Source: National Harm Reduction Coalition

This educational resource provides a 2-page description of the principles of harm reduction. The handout outlines 8 key ideas that are key to the harm reduction practice, and discusses key concepts in understanding the risk, mindset, and setting that can be considered when understanding what might promote or reduce risk for an individual.

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Payers & Providers
Patients & Caregivers

Pregnancy and Substance Use: A Harm Reduction Toolkit

Source: National Harm Reduction Coalition

This toolkit on pregnancy and substance use from a harm reduction perspective includes information intended for pregnant and parenting people who use drugs, their loved ones, and their service providers.

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Policymakers & Community Leaders

Situating the Continuum of Overdose Risk in the Social Determinants of Health: A New Conceptual Framework

Source: The Milbank Quarterly

This article presents a new conceptual framework for understanding the opioid crisis by describing factors that escalate risk for drug use, addiction, and overdose and proposes six policy strategies to address the epidemic’s root causes and deescalate risk. The framework promotes a comprehensive approach that recognizes the social determinants of health and shifts public policy from punishment to a public health approach.

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Policymakers & Community Leaders
Payers & Providers

Understanding Drug Related Stigma

Source: Harm Reduction Coalition

This website is the home page for the Harm Reduction Coalition’s training program on Understanding Drug-Related Stigma. The site includes information about obtaining a training as well as training materials, which are also included in CLOUD.

External Website
Patients & Caregivers

Naloxone Training Video

Source: Baltimore City Health Department

This 4 minute video from the Baltimore Department of Health explains how to recognize an overdose and how to administer Naloxone to reverse the overdose. Part of Baltimore City’s Don’t Die campaign.

Video
Patients & Caregivers

What is Naloxone?

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

This 3 minute video from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration shows how Naloxone works to reverse the effects of an opioid overdose. The video explains the science behind how opioids work in the body and how Naloxone works to reverse opioid overdose.

Video
Policymakers & Community Leaders
Payers & Providers

Syringe Services and Harm Reduction Provider Operations During the COVID-19 Outbreak

Source: Higher Ground Harm Reduction, Reynolds Health Strategies, Harm Reduction Coalition, & Vital Strategies

This 2-page guide details harm reduction and syringe exchange programs during the COVID-19 pandemic. It includes information for people who use drugs about safe use during the pandemic, as well as guidance for syringe exchange and harm reduction providers on safe operations during this time.

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